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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Contracture (con-TRAK-shur)

A bending or curling of your fingers downward toward your palm. This is caused over time by a thick cord that extends from your palm into your fingers.

Cord

A symptom of Dupuytren’s that looks like a rope and may appear in the palm of your hand. Caused by a thickening of tissue below your skin.

Dupuytren’s contracture (du-pwe-TRANZ) (con-TRAK-shur)

  • Dupuytren’s contracture is a hand condition that can cause a “rope-like” cord on your palm
  • Over time, the condition can get worse, causing one or more fingers to bend toward the palm so they can’t be straightened
  • Other terms related to the condition that you may hear your hand specialist mention:
    • Dupuytren’s disease
    • Palmar fibromatosis
    • Morbus Dupuytren
    • Contraction of palmar fascia
    • Palmar fascial fibromatosis
    • Palmar fibromas

MP joints

Metacarpophalangeal (met-uh-KAR-poe-FAH-len-jay-ahl) joints at the bottom of each of your fingers, where your finger meets your palm. Dupuytren’s contracture commonly affects MP joints.

Nodule (NOJ-ool)

A lump or knot that appears below the skin of your palm and is often one of the first signs of Dupuytren's.

PIP joints

Proximal interphalangeal (PROCKS-ee-mahl inter-FAH-len-jay-ahl) joints in the middle of each of your fingers. Dupuytren’s contracture commonly affects PIP joints.

Pitting

A dimpling on the skin of your palm, which can be one of the early signs of Dupuytren’s.

Tabletop Test

A simple test to determine if you may have Dupuytren’s contracture. Lay your palm flat on a table. If you cannot lay your hand completely flat, you may have Dupuytren’s contracture.

Viking disease

Another name for Dupuytren’s contracture, so-called because the condition is more common in people with Northern European (“Viking”) ancestry.

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